Apter, Andrew. “THE BLOOD OF MOTHERS: WOMEN, MONEY, AND MARKETS IN YORUBA-ATLANTIC PERSPECTIVE.” The Journal of African American History 98, no. 1 (January 1, 2013): 72–98. doi:10.5323/jafriamerhist.98.1.0072.
I always find myself in positions where things kinda come full circle… This weekend that was the matter of race, ethnicity, identity, and colorism.
As many of you know I identify as an Afro-Latina woman. My race: black as eva. My ethnicity: Central American/Afro-Latin@. My identity: the black girl who likes fried chicken and arroz con pollo at the same damn time lol.
As described in Chavez-Duenas et. al, the invisibilzation of Afro-descendants and indigenous peoples within Latin America is influenced by concealment strategies: omission of social actors, omission of racist practices, naturalization, distortion, and justification (Castillo & Abril, 2009). Omission is described as the deliberate attempt to exclude information related to African-descendant historical and contemporary contribution to that specific Latin country. The omission of racist practices explains how the very acts, policies, and procedures that perpetuate racism were excluded from public knowledge. Moreover, strategies for analyzing racism were disallowed from public discourse as its mention implies that racism exists which contradicts the overall goal to deny racism as a Latin phenomenon. At the same time, racism and discrimination are normalized and expected even when there is not sufficient language to describe it colloquially. This process signifies naturalization. The last two strategies are distortion and justification where distortion depicts the way Afro-descendant identities were framed in misleading ways, especially reinforced through media stereotyping and covert racism. Justification is the process then used to justify the contradictions latent within societies predicated on the denial of inequality but the high valuing of European-Spanish culture, aesthetic, and corporeality (Castillo & Abril, 2009).